In allegations that sent shock waves through academia, federal prosecutors on Tuesday accused top CEOs, two Hollywood actresses and a legendary fashion designer of taking part in an audacious scheme to get their children into elite universities through fraud, bribes and lies.The scheme, which began in 2011, centered around the owner of a for-profit Newport Beach college admissions company that wealthy parents paid to help their children cheat on college entrance exams and to falsify athletic records of students to enable them to secure admission to elite schools, including UCLA, USC, Stanford, Yale and Georgetown, according to court records.Fifty people, across academia and college sports as well as a cadre of super-wealthy parents, have been charged in what prosecutors say is the largest college admissions scam ever prosecuted.,Some parents participated in one aspect of the scheme, while others paid for both, stealing slots from hard-working students with legitimate grades and test scores, authorities said.William Rick Singer, who owns the admissions company called the Edge College Career Network, was charged with money laundering, obstruction of justice, racketeering and conspiracy to defraud the United States.,In at least one instance, a student claimed to have a learning disability to obtain medical documentation required by the College Board and ACT Inc. to grant additional time on the tests, according to court documents.Once the students were given additional time, which generally allowed them to take the test over two days instead of one and in an individual setting, the clients were instructed to change the location of the exam to either a public high school in Houston or a private college preparatory school in West Hollywood that Singer controlled, according to the documents.At those locations, prosecutors allege, Singer bribed test administrators Igor Dvorskiy, of Los Angeles, and Lisa Niki Williams, of Houston, with the parents money to facilitate cheating on the exams.,Singer had a psychologist on his team assign fake learning disabilities to give students an academic advantage, the charges say.Coaches and private admissions counselors allegedly received money for helping to get students admitted as athletes at Yale, Stanford and USC.USC senior associate athletic director Donna Heinel and mens and womens water polo coach Jovan Vavic were alleged to have received bribes totaling more than $1.3 million and $250,000, respectively, to help parents take advantage of the relaxed admissions standards for athletes at USC even though their children were not legitimately being recruited as athletes.,It described spending thousands of dollars on trips for dental students to help needy Cambodians and offering math tutoring to underserved children in Oakland.Prosecutors said the charity was nothing more than a means to launder money to an array of people requiring bribes.Our contributions to major athletic university programs may help to provide placement to students that may not have access under normal channels, the organization stated in tax documents.Federal law enforcement began the investigation, dubbed Operation Varsity Blues, in May 2018, based on a tip from a confidential source who was being interviewed as part of a separate investigation, said FBI Special Agent Joseph Bonavolonta.Make no mistake: This is not a case where parents were acting in the best interests of their children.

According to documents released as part of criminal proceedings (pdf) against Singer, McGlashan, and a host of other parents, coaches, and test administrators, the private equity exec found it all “totally hilarious.”,On phone calls tapped by the Feds, McGlashan and Singer hatched a plan to make the kid look like an elite football kicker in his application, which would give him a 90% chance of admission, Singer claimed.,Damningly, when Augstin Huneeus, Jr., a parent whose daughter attended the same school as McGlashan’s son caught wind about the financier using Singer’s services, he called him on it.,Parents of means send their kids to private schools to make sure they are well-positioned for admission to certain colleges.,He sees how the rules of wealth at work all the time: there’s the unethical, but increasingly common, like parents who write their children’s college essay, or pay tutors or online companies to do it.

People are complex, of course, and there are many intervening variables that impact that great human dynamic called motivation.,Many a business executive has sought to improve everything from performance to retention to creativity by primarily using extrinsic rewards or incentives.,For some jobs extrinsic motivation is as good as it gets.,While teaching at a prominent university, I was asked to deliver my course, Motivation Management, to a group of employees at a leading corporation.,He and Veronica Baard, a former managing director responsible for HR at a major international investment banking firm, head up Baard Consulting LLC, a firm in the greater Boston area, focusing on motivation, conflict reduction, and team building.

Behavioral researcher and author Alfie Kohn likes to tell a joke that many small business owners can no doubt relate to:

An elderly man who lives near a school is regularly harassed by a group of students.,Leadership is not about imposing your will on others, it has more to do with understanding people,” says Dr. Steve Vargo, a business consultant with IDOC and author of Eye on Leadership, An Optometrist’s Game Plan For Creating A Motivated and Empowered Team.,Says Dan Ariely, professor of psychology and behavioral economics at the Fuqua School of Business: “The question for your staff should be, ‘Can I do one small thing to get better today?’,In other words, people who enjoy meetings are those who don’t like getting things done.,The key question for distinguishing a worthwhile meeting from a worthless one seems to be this: is it a “status-report” meeting so employees can tell each other things? read more

The first iPhone (2007) had no app store and was originally conceived as an iPod that made phone calls – although since "crackberry" had just been named the word of the year by Webster's New World Dictionary, perhaps we should have seen what was coming.,Fran Monks But late last year, I decided to do something more radical: to deploy everything I knew about economic theory and behavioural science, along with a few hard-won practical discoveries, to rebuild my relationship with the digital world from scratch.,For this reason, digital sceptics such as Cal Newport and Jaron Lanier suggest that the first step in a reassessment of your digital habits should be a sharp temporary break.,Newport suggests a briefer but broader ban: not only no social media, but no Netflix, no Google Maps, no smartphones – no digital tools at all for 30 days, apart from whatever is professionally essential.,Jdigital sceptics such as Jaron Lanier suggest that the first step in a reassessment of your digital habits should be a sharp temporary break.

Over the last few years fans of baseball literature have been given various perspectives of the shift in baseball analytics, from Brian Kenny’s book, Ahead of the Curve, to Keith Law’s, Smart Baseball.,Carleton, a veteran baseball writer whose work has appeared in Baseball Prospectus for over eight years, penned a new book called The Shift: The Next Evolution in Baseball Thinking.,Carleton offers insightful analysis into making better baseball decisions, but with the human element nature attached.,This is a book where I think if you dig deeper into the numbers you’ll find that baseball has a lot of places where very, very human things happen.,The thing about expected value is that it describes a lot of the decisions people have to make in baseball.

Since the famous Marshmallow test took place in 1970 and numerous studies have proven how mental toughness is the most common trait among successful people.,According to the US psychologist, and bestselling author, Angela Duckworth the prime indicator of achievement isn’t IQ or talent, but the possession of “grit”, the ability to dig in and keep going despite the headwinds.,Habits are contagious, this is why people who exercise regularly are often more successful than people who eat junk food all day.,– Napoleon Hill

Who should you believe, your friend who says affirmations are silly or Napoleon Hill who spent his life interviewing the world’s richest and most successful men?,According to a 2010 study by The Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), long-term meditation strengthens your brain’s frontal lobes which are the same areas weakened by alcohol abuse, porn and drug addictions. read more

INCREASING EMPLOYEE deductibles, copays and premium contributions are obvious, though objectionable, solutions to the problem employers face with mounting health care costs.,A recent article in The Wall street Journal described some of the extremes to which companies will go to deal with the rising cost of health care beyond passing along the cost to workers.,But there is a better way to reduce health care expenses, and it is readily available to employers, large and small: Provide a working environment that nourishes employees, psychologically by training managers and supervisors in a better way to intrinsically motivate their subordinates.,Among the findings: When certain psychological needs are satisfied, leading to the experience of intrinsic or self-motivation, employees perform their work more effectively and with less anxiety.,Managers can do many things to improve worker satisfaction in these areas in a positive way.

Author Francis Fukuyama writes that the rapid changes in the political and economic landscape have seen people around the world losing their sense of dignity and thus their identity Sometime in the last decades of the 20th century, world politics changed dramatically.,The latter was underpinned by liberal economic institutions such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and its successor, the World Trade Organisation.,Between 1970 and 2008, the world’s output of goods and services quadrupled and growth extended to most regions of the world, and the number of people living in extreme poverty in developing countries dropped from 42% of the total population in 1993 to 17% in 2011.,Huge new middle classes arose in countries such as China and India, but the work they did replaced work that had been done by older middle classes in the developed world.,Xi Jinping’s Chinese government has talked at length about China’s “100 years of humiliation” and how the US, Japan and other countries were trying to prevent it from returning to the power status it enjoyed over the past millennia of history.

Richard Ryan: It's true, most of the research leading up to the '70s was really on how we could control people from the outside using rewards and punishments, and really the focus of our research that I started with Ed Deci many years ago is really kind of the opposite thing, it's how can we help sustain and cultivate the motivation that comes from within people, their intrinsic motivation, their sense of value, and have that be driving their behaviour rather than carrots and sticks.,Lynne Malcolm: Richard Ryan has applied this research on motivation to a range of contexts, including exercise and fitness, and even our desire to help others.,And then we studied what happened to the children that came into their classroom the following year over time, and we saw that even within the first five weeks of the school year, if you were in a classroom of a teacher who was a more controlling in his or her strategies for motivating, that not only did children feel less able to do schoolwork and less interested in doing their schoolwork, they wanted lower levels of challenge, they wanted things to be easier in the classroom because they didn't want to make mistakes, they didn't take initiative in the classroom, they didn't try to do new things on their own, they waited until they were told what to do.,If you had a teacher, on the other hand, who was autonomy supportive, children increased in their engagement in classroom and their interest and their desire for challenge and they felt better about themselves, not just as students but also as people.,Lynne Malcolm: It's All in the Mind on RN, I'm Lynne Malcolm, and I'm speaking with Professor Richard Ryan, who developed the Self Determination Theory of Motivation almost 40 years ago.