Standard indicators of fearfulness in the novel objects tests — for example, heart rate and alertness — were found to be unrelated to learning performance, whereas exploratory behaviour towards the novel objects correlated to performance in the two learning tasks.,The study team said the exploratory behaviour in the novel object tests likely reflects the animal’s intrinsic motivation and curiosity, suggesting that this trait is favourable for learning performance.,“Young horses’ intrinsic motivation to explore novel objects was positively associated to learning performance in both a positively and a negatively reinforced task,” they reported, “whereas traditional measures of fearfulness, such as alertness and heart rate responses, were unrelated to learning performance.”,The authors said their results are the first to suggest that novel object-directed curiosity could be central to cognitive performance in horses across different types of learning tasks; an association that has previously been demonstrated mainly in humans and primates.,They said their study provides the first evidence of a link between object-directed curiosity and learning performance in young horses in two very different learning tasks (visual discrimination and pressure-release).

The American Red Cross says winter is always a hard time for donations, but with the coronavirus pandemic added to the mix, things get complicated.,LOUISVILLE, Ky. — January is National Blood Donor Awareness Month and the need for donations as 2021 begins is big.,The American Red Cross says winter is always a hard time to get people to give blood, but with the ongoing coronavirus pandemic added to the mix, things get even more complicated.,Everyone who donates blood during the month of January through the Red Cross will be entered to win two tickets and a travel package to Super Bowl LVI in Los Angeles in 2022.,To find a blood donation clinic near you and to learn more about the process, visit the American Red Cross or Kentucky Blood Center websites.

Amidst the isolation of lockdown, Ireland has fallen in love with running with close to three quarters of a million Irish people out running regularly since the start of Covid-19 restrictions.,Since the start of Covid-19 restrictions, 120,000 adults have taken up running for the first time and continue to run at least three times a week.,A similar number (62 percent ) say they would benefit from having a detailed plan and expert advice to help achieve this goal, ideally by having a target distance to run each week.,The programme offers a four week training plan, plus tips and advice from a team of experts, you can run your chosen distance of five mile, 10 mile or 31km on January 31.,With level 5 restrictions now in place runners are urged to adhere to the Covid-19 restrictions and run within the 5km radius of their home and to run with only one other person who also lives within that zone.

California is immediately allowing residents 65 and older to get scarce coronavirus vaccines, Gov. Gavin Newsom announced Wednesday.,“With our hospitals crowded and ICUs full, we need to focus on vaccinating Californians who are at highest risk of becoming hospitalized to alleviate stress on our health care facilities,” said Dr. Tomás Aragón, director of the California Department of Public Health and the state's Public Health Officer.,But it comes after members of a state advisory panel on Tuesday worried that adding seniors will inevitably delay vaccines for others.,Adding the aging “does not mean we’re abandoning our commitment” to those already in line for vaccines, the panel’s co-chairwoman, California Surgeon General Dr. Nadine Burke Harris said later.,Newsom also announced a new system to let people know if they are eligible to receive a vaccine, to start next week.