Along with the connection of engagement with the academic adjustment indicators, it stands out because of its protective role against problematic adolescent behaviors, such as criminal acts and violence, substance use and depressive symptoms.1,2 Thus, as student engagement has been shown to be enabled through school intervention, its study is of special interest, especially in secondary education.3

Academic commitment, or engagement, refers to a psychological state characterized by the student’s sense of belonging, attributing value to education, and participating in school, learning, studying and in curricular activities.4,5 Academic engagement is particularly characterized by vigor (referring to energy, willingness and persistence in making an effort to perform school activities), dedication (with regard to the sense of enthusiasm, inspiration, pride and importance attributed to it, that is, psychological identification with studies and academic activities) and absorption (related to full concentration, without effort and intrinsic enjoyment, in academic demands, so that time seems to pass quickly and it is hard to detach oneself from activities).5 read more

A growing body of research suggests that employees who devote additional effort beyond their required job duties might also be engaging in toxic or destructive work behavior, such as coming to work late, withholding needed information from others, and even engaging in theft.,Reconsider a carrot-and-stick approach to rewarding good behavior Sometimes, employees go above and beyond the call of duty out of an intrinsic desire to help the organization succeed.,Make employees’ social image a salient aspect of the environment Research suggests that when employees care about their reputation, they may be less likely to engage in behaviors that can hurt their social image, even if they feel licensed to do so after engaging in a praiseworthy act.,One study, for example, suggests that while creative employees are likely to feel emboldened to break workplace norms which can make them more inclined to cyberloaf, show up to work late, or engage in other harmful behaviors, their desires to preserve how they are viewed by those around them may help reduce their willingness to engage in such deviant acts.,Help employees feel connected to the organization One final way you can mitigate some of the destructive behaviors described above is by nurturing employees’ sense of belonging to their organization and its members.