I’ve been writing about Juliana vs. US for over three years—slightly less time than the plaintiffs in the case have been waiting to have their day in court.,In the US judicial system, political questions are answered—or not—by the executive and legislative branches of government usually after their trial in the court of public opinion.,Interlocutory appeals are typically permitted when the trial judge certifies to the appellate court that there are substantial differences of opinion over an important question of law that once decided would substantially affect the final outcome of the case.,The trial court judge, Anne Aiken, issues an order certifying Juliana v. United States for interlocutory appeal to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals.,The “AH, HA” moment when the future of Juliana came clear to me was the day after Christmas while reading that the Ninth Circuit Court Appeals panel of three judges granted the DOJ lawyers permission to bring the interlocutory appeal.

Corrections and additions may be emailed to Ryan Njegovan (men’s indoor field) and Jocelyn Ocon (women’s indoor field) were chosen NACC Athletes of the Week.,... North Central’s Andy Hinch (men’s indoor tennis) was named athlete of the week in the CCIW.

Richard Ryan: It's true, most of the research leading up to the '70s was really on how we could control people from the outside using rewards and punishments, and really the focus of our research that I started with Ed Deci many years ago is really kind of the opposite thing, it's how can we help sustain and cultivate the motivation that comes from within people, their intrinsic motivation, their sense of value, and have that be driving their behaviour rather than carrots and sticks.,Lynne Malcolm: Richard Ryan has applied this research on motivation to a range of contexts, including exercise and fitness, and even our desire to help others.,And then we studied what happened to the children that came into their classroom the following year over time, and we saw that even within the first five weeks of the school year, if you were in a classroom of a teacher who was a more controlling in his or her strategies for motivating, that not only did children feel less able to do schoolwork and less interested in doing their schoolwork, they wanted lower levels of challenge, they wanted things to be easier in the classroom because they didn't want to make mistakes, they didn't take initiative in the classroom, they didn't try to do new things on their own, they waited until they were told what to do.,If you had a teacher, on the other hand, who was autonomy supportive, children increased in their engagement in classroom and their interest and their desire for challenge and they felt better about themselves, not just as students but also as people.,Lynne Malcolm: It's All in the Mind on RN, I'm Lynne Malcolm, and I'm speaking with Professor Richard Ryan, who developed the Self Determination Theory of Motivation almost 40 years ago.