Along with the connection of engagement with the academic adjustment indicators, it stands out because of its protective role against problematic adolescent behaviors, such as criminal acts and violence, substance use and depressive symptoms.1,2 Thus, as student engagement has been shown to be enabled through school intervention, its study is of special interest, especially in secondary education.3

Academic commitment, or engagement, refers to a psychological state characterized by the student’s sense of belonging, attributing value to education, and participating in school, learning, studying and in curricular activities.4,5 Academic engagement is particularly characterized by vigor (referring to energy, willingness and persistence in making an effort to perform school activities), dedication (with regard to the sense of enthusiasm, inspiration, pride and importance attributed to it, that is, psychological identification with studies and academic activities) and absorption (related to full concentration, without effort and intrinsic enjoyment, in academic demands, so that time seems to pass quickly and it is hard to detach oneself from activities).5 read more

Brands with established corporate social responsibility programs can sometimes be seen with suspicion.,Since 2011, multinational technology company Apple has supported employees’ efforts to volunteer with and donate to organizations whose causes they care about.,Here’s one from insurance company AXA Mansard, for example:

Whether for International Women’s Day or for other seasonal events that raise awareness of social issues, you can also post similar graphics online to express your support.,There are many ways for a brand to exercise corporate social responsibility too, from contributing donations to volunteering, and to expressing your stand on social issues.,In these current times, how will your brand practice corporate social responsibility? read more

Wikipedia, the free, collaborative encyclopedia written in 300 languages by volunteers around the world, turns 20 today.,In addition, dedicated online workshops will be organised to educate participants on the basics of using the online encyclopaedia.For the people, by the peopleWhen Wikipedia began as an ambitious idea to create a free encyclopedia written by, well, unpaid volunteers, it seemed like an uphill battle.However, over 20 years, the open-source content platform has become the largest collection of open knowledge in history.,We are committed to preserving the integrity and value of information at a time when the world needs it most,” said Katherine Maher, CEO of the Wikimedia Foundation.Wikipedia is edited by over 280,000 volunteer editors every month around the world who work together to build each article, propose changes, and ensure that knowledge on Wikipedia is up-to-date and reliable.,Indian languages that have the most users - Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi, Tamil, and Telugu - also have more than 60,000 articles each in their respective Wikipedia languages.Interestingly, when Wikipedia put out a report about reader motivation on the site in 2017, it revealed that Hindi had the lowest motivation by media score (10 percent), while Bengali had the highest motivation by intrinsic learning.The way forwardAs it celebrates 20 years and looks to the future, Wikipedia acknowledges that there are deep knowledge gaps that must be addressed, particularly in inclusion and gender diversity.,“In a world where information is increasingly commoditised, Wikipedia’s model has always been based on the belief that knowledge belongs to all humans,” said Wikipedia Founder, Jimmy Wales.The Wikimedia movement’s 2030 strategic direction reflects this commitment.