Along with the connection of engagement with the academic adjustment indicators, it stands out because of its protective role against problematic adolescent behaviors, such as criminal acts and violence, substance use and depressive symptoms.1,2 Thus, as student engagement has been shown to be enabled through school intervention, its study is of special interest, especially in secondary education.3

Academic commitment, or engagement, refers to a psychological state characterized by the student’s sense of belonging, attributing value to education, and participating in school, learning, studying and in curricular activities.4,5 Academic engagement is particularly characterized by vigor (referring to energy, willingness and persistence in making an effort to perform school activities), dedication (with regard to the sense of enthusiasm, inspiration, pride and importance attributed to it, that is, psychological identification with studies and academic activities) and absorption (related to full concentration, without effort and intrinsic enjoyment, in academic demands, so that time seems to pass quickly and it is hard to detach oneself from activities).5 read more

Patients with cancer are at increased risk for both suicidal ideation and completed suicide due to a combination of biological and psychological factors that must be addressed to increase quality of life.,Unique to cancer is that the risk of suicide persists more than 15 years past diagnosis.4

In addition to increased suicide risk, patients with head and neck cancers have higher depression scores than the general population even before a cancer diagnosis, leading to the question whether this subset of patients are struggling with a biological cause in addition to diagnosis-related symptoms.5 Complicating these cases is the well-known association of many head and neck cancers with tobacco, alcohol, and other substance use, leading to the question of whether the pre-existing mood disorders lead to substance use that increases the risk of cancer.,Depression is a major risk factor, as it is in the general population, but the cancer population is at higher baseline risk for depression, which has been linked to immunological changes.12 Identification and treatment of depression in cancer patients has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality.13 read more

Sadly, many of us do not feel safe in Cambridge, and it is important to know where we can seek support, should we experience sexual misconduct of any kind.,The Tab has put together a list of resources to raise awareness of ways in which we can seek support or help friends who’ve experienced harassment or assault, to help you best support your welfare and find support should you experience sexual misconduct.,The university has a Sexual Assault and Harassment Adviser (SAHA), who you can arrange an appointment with to talk through your feelings and find further sources of support.,Navigating Cambridge University as a survivor of sexual misconduct

However you respond to your experience of sexual misconduct, your response is valid: there is no right or wrong way to react.,Firstly, you can access counselling services free of charge both through the university or your college, and there are also support groups for people who have experienced sexual misconduct. read more

Now, a new and historic philanthropic gift is launching an ambitious research enterprise devoted to the study of human cognition that will supercharge Yale’s neuroscience initiative and position the university to reveal the brain in its full, dynamic complexity.,The gift, made by Yale alumnus Joseph C. Tsai ’86, ’90 J.D., and his wife, Clara Wu Tsai, will establish the Wu Tsai Institute, a new kind of research organization that bridges the psychological, biological, and computational sciences.,“Thanks to the vision and generosity of Joe Tsai and Clara Wu Tsai, Yale will pursue a thrilling new approach to the intensive, long-term study of the brain and the wonders of the mind.,From the maturation of the mind and brain to the development of new cognitive computational models and the study of human behavior, scientists at the Wu Tsai Institute will be working on the very cutting edge of the cognitive sciences.”,A defining feature of the Wu Tsai Institute is the interdependence of these centers, said Turk-Browne, who studies the interaction and development of fundamental cognitive processes in the human brain.

Wikipedia, the free, collaborative encyclopedia written in 300 languages by volunteers around the world, turns 20 today.,In addition, dedicated online workshops will be organised to educate participants on the basics of using the online encyclopaedia.For the people, by the peopleWhen Wikipedia began as an ambitious idea to create a free encyclopedia written by, well, unpaid volunteers, it seemed like an uphill battle.However, over 20 years, the open-source content platform has become the largest collection of open knowledge in history.,We are committed to preserving the integrity and value of information at a time when the world needs it most,” said Katherine Maher, CEO of the Wikimedia Foundation.Wikipedia is edited by over 280,000 volunteer editors every month around the world who work together to build each article, propose changes, and ensure that knowledge on Wikipedia is up-to-date and reliable.,Indian languages that have the most users - Hindi, Bengali, Punjabi, Tamil, and Telugu - also have more than 60,000 articles each in their respective Wikipedia languages.Interestingly, when Wikipedia put out a report about reader motivation on the site in 2017, it revealed that Hindi had the lowest motivation by media score (10 percent), while Bengali had the highest motivation by intrinsic learning.The way forwardAs it celebrates 20 years and looks to the future, Wikipedia acknowledges that there are deep knowledge gaps that must be addressed, particularly in inclusion and gender diversity.,“In a world where information is increasingly commoditised, Wikipedia’s model has always been based on the belief that knowledge belongs to all humans,” said Wikipedia Founder, Jimmy Wales.The Wikimedia movement’s 2030 strategic direction reflects this commitment.